Competencies and Educational Choices Across Gender and Immigrant Background in Germany
The gender gaps in competencies, school leaving certificates and entry into vocational education known for native students exist also for migrants. Despite these similarities the size of the gaps seems to differ across ethnic groups. Until now almost nothing is known about the underlying mechanisms responsible for these similarities and differences. Hence beyond the description of trends in ethnic and gender inequalities of educational trajectories, the project plans to develop a theoretical model able to explain the differences in educational success both in terms of educational achievements as well as educational and occupational aspirations and choices, and to test it with the first three waves of the NEPS data. To this end various educational stages will be taken into account to determine at what point, to what extent, in which areas and above all why ethnic-specific gender differences emerge and evolve along the educational career and beyond. Without disregarding the importance of institutional conditions and structural constraints, we focus in particular on gender role socialization as one of the most important underlying mechanisms that shape the entire educational career and operate at various educational stages and in different educational areas via primary and secondary effects to create gender-specific patterns of educational inequalities.
In 2014, the major focal points were firstly the mathematical competences as well as the self-perceptions regarding the school subject mathematics of the youth with and the youth without a migration background. Results were presented and discussed at the second SPP 1646 colloquium in Florence. Additionally, the academic self-concept of students with and students without a migration background was analysed and a corresponding paper was submitted for publication. Finally, in the light of the poor labour market integration of women with a Turkish background, the occupational aspirations of female students with a Turkish background were analysed. First results were presented and discussed at the final SPP 1646 colloquium in Bamberg.