Ethnic Inequalities in Educational Success
The project "Ethnic Differences in Education", funded by the National Academy of Sciences (Leopoldina), aims at examining mechanisms and conditions leading to the development of ethnic differences in educational participation, performance and attainment and at uncovering fields that have not been investigated so far. The intention to document the state of scientifically verifiable interconnections for public and political debate and thus provide a sufficiently strong explanation of existing causal effects for future measures forms the background to this investigation. The statement will focus on the documentation of sound scientific evidence in this area, the identification of previously open fields, a number of public controversies, and proof of the effectiveness of specific measures, for example, the impact of educational systems, the effects of pre-school attendance, social and ethnic concentrations or specific supportive measures, such as linguistic support programmes, summer schools or "multicultural" programmes.
In 2013 one major point were intensive further analyses of several data sets concerning ethnic inequalities in development of school-related abilities for preschool children and on effects of educational systems to explain international differences between native and migrant children in achievement in secondary school. The project proceeds with presentations of main results at international conferences and the preparation of publications. First versions of papers on theoretical mechanisms to explain ethnic educational inequalities, development of preschool-abilities, the role of ethnic resources, and on differences between German federal states have been finished.