Ethnic Inequalities in Educational Success
The project "Ethnic Differences in Education", funded by the National Academy of Sciences (Leopoldina), aims at examining mechanisms and conditions leading to the development of ethnic differences in educational participation, performance and attainment and at uncovering fields that have not been investigated so far. The intention to document the state of scientifically verifiable interconnections for public and political debate and thus provide a sufficiently strong explanation of existing causal effects for future measures forms the background to this investigation. The statement will focus on the documentation of sound scientific evidence in this area, the identification of previously open fields, a number of public controversies, and proof of the effectiveness of specific measures, for example, the impact of educational systems, the effects of pre-school attendance, social and ethnic concentrations or specific supportive measures, such as linguistic support programmes, summer schools or "multicultural" programmes.
In 2012, further expert reports on discrimination and education systems were prepared by the Working Group. In addition, three advisory reports on specific methodological and substantive issues were produced externally. Drafts of several individual chapters of the opinion were prepared and provided before the end of the project under the Leopoldina- Financing in September 2012. Expert reports and syntheses were editorially treated for a possible later publication. Since October 2012 (and until its termination in August 2013) the project has been financed by own resources and funds from the MZES. During this time, further expert reports on the effects of measures to reduce ethnic educational inequalities are being developed. Meanwhile, a first summary as well as an evaluation of the results archived so far have been compiled. These documents will be continuously updated.