European Social Survey

Research question/goal: 

Major goals of the European Social Survey (ESS) are to study changing attitudes, beliefs, and behaviour of citizens in Europe and to offer empirical information for comparative research of the highest quality. The ESS is part of the European social science infrastructure. The study employs the most rigorous survey methodologies in terms of sample design, fieldwork, and development of equivalent instruments. Beside a core module of socio-demographic and substantive indicators, each wave consists of two rotating modules covering an academic or policy concern within Europe. Data are available without any costs.

Current stage: 

A first release of the data of the sixth wave was published in 2014. Preparations for the seventh wave were carried out (sampling, questionnaire, fieldwork). Data collection for this wave took place in the last three months of 2014. Extensive meetings with the Federal Ministry of Education and Research (BMBF) to secure future funding could not be concluded yet.

Fact sheet

2002 to 2017
Data Sources: 
survey of representative population samples
Geographic Space: 
33 European countries (including Israel and Turkey)



van Deth, Jan W. (Ed.) (2013): Comparative Politics: The Problem of Equivalence. Colchester: ECPR Press. more
Keil, Silke I., and Jan W. van Deth (Eds.) (2012): Deutschlands Metamorphosen. Ergebnisse des European Social Survey 2002 bis 2008. Baden-Baden: Nomos. [Studien zur Wahl- und Einstellungsforschung; 20] more
van Deth, Jan W., and Jan C. P. M. Vis (2006): Regeren in Nederland. Het politieke en bestuurlijke bestel in vergelijkend perspectief. 3rd ed., Assen: Van Gorcum. more