Inside Integration and Acculturation - Migrants' Life Satisfaction in Europe
It is planned to analyse which factors influence the subjective quality of life – defined as satisfaction with life – of migrants in Europe and if immigration countries offer good conditions in this regard for some migrants while offering unfavourable ones for others. Life satisfaction is modelled as the outcome of an evaluation of the direct living conditions by the individuals using a distinct standard of evaluation. This standard of evaluation depends, for example, on the cultural imprint, significant others and individual preferences. Therefore, the life satisfaction of population groups can vary, although they might face equal living conditions, due to varying standards of evaluation. The living conditions of migrants, in turn, are influenced by the structural and cultural arrangements of the society: e.g., the welfare state regime or general attitudes towards immigrants. In light of the increasing international competition for skilled personnel this project can help to evaluate the attractiveness of immigration countries more precisely. First of all, internationally comparable data will be used, and in a second step more detailed analyses will be based on appropriate national data sets.
In 2014, the DFG finally granted the mid-2013 submitted request for project funding. Afterwards, data from the ESS was processed and first comparative analyses were carried out for Spain, Belgium, Great Britain, Germany, Sweden, Denmark, Switzerland and the Netherlands. At the same time, project relevant information concerning these countries (e.g. living conditions and legal status of migrants, overall economic situation or social inequality) were gathered and systematically processed. Further, we refined our analyses of young migrants' school satisfaction and presented and discussed results at the ISA RC28 Spring Meeting in Budapest.