Non-employment in Europe: A Comparative Analysis of Social Risk Groups in Household Contexts
The European employment strategy seeks to increase employment rates of all social groups, thereby enlarging the focus from the unemployed to also the inactive, i.e. to all non-employed persons. The goal of this internationally comparative project is the analysis of the conditions for cross-national variations in non-employment and its varying socio-demographic composition. The project focuses on the impact of the welfare state context on the interaction of individual and social resources as well as constraints, which influence labour demand and supply. In particular, the project investigates the degree of non-employment of working age people, its multiple reasons and its role in the life course. Furthermore, the project analyzes non-employment in the household context and the dynamics between household members. Of particular interest are those socio-demographic groups and household types which are at higher risk of non-employment. In a first step (Western) European differences in individual non-employment are analyzed with macro-indicators. Thereafter longitudinal data on Germany is compared with four different employment systems: Denmark, United Kingdom, Italy, and the Netherlands. Combining internationally comparative macro-level analyses with micro-level data enables the project to study institutional configurations, individual factors, and household contexts as factors of non-employment and their causal interactions.
The DFG provides external funding since September 2011. As a first step, results from cross-national analyses of non-employment patterns based on the EU Labour Force Survey (EU-LFS) were published as a MZES working paper (article in preparation). In a second step, comparative analyses of non-employment over the life course and on the household level in Germany and the UK were presented at international conferences (further articles in preparation). Further national panel datasets are currently considered. The close cooperation with project A1.4 “Social Support and Activation Policies for Families at Risk in Five European Countries“ continued.