The Hybrid Wars of Information

Research question/goal: 

The war for hearts and minds among the great powers is at least as important as conflict fought with conventional weapons. One of its most recent incarnations is the hybrid propaganda war, levied by Moscow against the West. This is a sophisticated, well-funded and multipronged attempt to bring domestic publics in the West around to the Russian regime’s viewpoint. Prior research identified and described attempts at hybrid propaganda war. In this project, we seek to analyse the prevalence and the effectiveness of these attempts in Western societies. We build on theories of international relations, public opinion formation, and psychology to examine which strategic use of (mis)information from abroad is effective and which is not. The project will also explore conditioning factors at the individual and contextual level. In terms of methodology, it relies—among others—on experiments included in surveys, which will be fielded in several Western countries.

Current stage: 

We submitted a pre-proposal for the call ‘Challenges for Europe’ to the Volkswagen Foundation on 16 October 2017. We have collected some data from the website of Russia Today ( and finished one working paper; one more is in preparation and planned to be published in 2018.

Fact sheet

2016 to 2019
in preparation
Data Sources: 
Geographic Space: 
Europe, United States