Young Women's Labour Market Chances in Muslim Middle Eastern and Northern African Countries
Young women in Muslim Middle Eastern and Northern African countries have the worst labor market chances in worldwide comparison. The central aim of this new research project is to identify determinants of young women’s labor market chances in Muslim Middle Eastern and Northern African countries. Detailed studies will be conducted for Azerbaijan, Egypt, Jordan, Iran, Syria and Turkey. Based on a theoretical micro-macro model, new insights into causal effects and interrelationships between individual-level, family-level and societal-level determinants will be gained. At the micro-level, the role of education, social networks, the family of origin and the family of destination will be examined. The country comparison will be conducted in order to investigate how macro-contextual conditions (such as the level of economic development, labor market structures as well as state-determined and religious-determined cultural norms and values) influence micro-level processes and interrelationships.
During the first year of the project macro-data were collected and analysed in order to describe the institutional and macro-structural context of muslim MENA countries. Moreover, first analyses on women’s labour market entry behaviour were conducted in a dynamic life-course perspective based on micro-data from the Egyptian Labour Market Panel Survey (ELMPS), the Jordan Labour Market Panel Survey (JLMPS) and the Syrian Youth Transition Survey (SYTS). Results were presented at international conferences. A book publication is currently in preparation.