Young Women's Labour Market Chances in Muslim Middle Eastern and Northern African Countries
Young women in Muslim Middle Eastern and Northern African countries have the worst labor market chances in worldwide comparison. The central aim of this new research project is to identify determinants of young women’s labor market chances in Muslim Middle Eastern and Northern African countries. Detailed studies will be conducted for Azerbaijan, Egypt, Jordan, Iran, Syria and Turkey. Based on a theoretical micro-macro model, new insights into causal effects and interrelationships between individual-level, family-level and societal-level determinants will be gained. At the micro-level, the role of education, social networks, the family of origin and the family of destination will be examined. The country comparison will be conducted in order to investigate how macro-contextual conditions (such as the level of economic development, labor market structures as well as state-determined and religious-determined cultural norms and values) influence micro-level processes and interrelationships.
During the second year of the project we prepared a book publication (submitted to the publisher Palgrave MacMillan) that provides an in-depth study on women’s pathways through the education system, transitions from education to work, and family formation in Egypt, Iran, Jordan, and Syria. Adopting a life course perspective, this book provides a new integrative micro-macro-theoretical framework and innovative analyses of individual life courses based on longitudinal data. New insights about the determinants and interrelationships between early life course conditions and transitions have been gained. Moreover, results of the project were presented at international conferences. Journal publications are in preparation.