Matthew Barnidge, Hernando Rojas, Paul A. Beck, Rüdiger Schmitt-Beck
Comparative Corrective Action: Perceived Media Bias and Political Action in 17 Countries

International Journal of Public Opinion Research, 2019: (e-only)
ISSN: 1471-6909 (online)

The corrective action hypothesis predicts that people will take political action in response to media content they perceive to be biased against them, and evidence has accumulated in favor of it. However, research has not yet investigated the hypothesis in comparative context. This study fills that gap in the literature, relying on the Comparative National Election Project (N = 23,527), and analyzing data from 17 countries. Results show evidence of an overall positive relationship between perceived media bias and political action, and they also show evidence that this relationship varies in strength between countries. Moreover, press freedom partially explains this variation. Results are discussed in light of the theory of corrective action and recent trends in political participation worldwide.