Table 3: Number of Unions and Associational Monopoly (in %) by Major Union Confederations, Western Europe, 1950, 1970 and 1990

 
Number of unions
Associational Monopoly (in %)
Country and Confederation
1950
1970
1990
1950
1970
1990
Austria
ÖGB
16
16
15
100.0
100.0
100.0
Belgium
35
34
37
FGTB
17
14
12
47.6
43.4
39.1
CSC
17
19
24
45.5
50.0
52.0
CGSLB
1
1
1
6.9
6.6
8.9
Denmark
a)~133
~140
~115
LO i D
a)68
52
29
a)82.0
78.1
69.5
FTF
a)22
49
47
a)7.1
15.0
15.8
others
a)~43
~39
~39
a)10.9
6.9
14.7
Germany
~40
~90
~140
DGB
16
16
16
91.0
81.4
81.1
DBB
13
27
34
3.0
8.7
8.2
CGB
1
13
17
0.0
2.3
3.2
others
~10
~34
~73
6.0
7.6
7.5
France
..
..
..
CGT
..
..
..
75.6
50.3
30.1
FO
..
..
..
9.1
16.6
20.1
CFDT
..
..
..
8.6
16.3
21.5
Ireland
111
115
b)81
ICTU
[68]
75
b)58
92.2
92.4
b)90.9
others
43
40
b)23
7.8
7.6
b)9.1
Italy
c)~103
~72
CGIL
c)31
20
81.7
c)53.3
51.0
CISL
c)39
22
18.3
c)33.5
34.6
UIL
c)33
30
..
c)13.3
14.4
Netherlands
354
269
232
FNV (NVV)
32
17
17
33.4
39.2
62.4
NKV
25
18
>FNV
25.6
25.6
>FNV
CNV
25
22
13
13.7
15.3
19.0
MHP
37
69
86
0.5
2.0
7.6
AC
50
45
55
1.8
2.5
6.5
others
185
98
61
25.0
15.4
4.5
Norway
78
169
156
LO i N
41
40
29
83.6
76.3
59.8
others
37
129
127
16.4
23.7
40.2
Sweden
189
108
71
LO
44
29
23
77.8
66.3
57.9
TCO
42
23
20
16.9
28.3
33.8
SACO
[58]
48
24
2.2
3.9
7.7
others
45
8
4
3.1
1.5
0.6
Switzerland
73
70
73
SGB
15
15
16
58.3
51.8
48.9
CNG
9
11
12
7.0
11.0
12.6
VSA
8
11
9
12.5
15.7
15.6
others
41
33
36
22.2
21.5
22.9
U.K.
732
543
287
TUC
186
142
74
83.4
89.4
82.4
others
546
401
213
15.7
10.6
17.6

 

Source: Ebbinghaus / Visser (1996): Country Tables 8, 10 and 17.

Notes:

a) 1952;

b) 1988;

c) 1977;

..: data not available;

~: estimated;

[ ]: sum of confederations that later merged; >FNV: NVV and NKV merged to form FNV.