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EURODATA Newsletter No. 5 Article 4 p.15-18


Fondation des Etudes Mediterranéennes

Foundation for Mediterranean Studie

Nikos Stylianidis

The Foundation for Mediterranean Studies was founded in 1983. Its main task are scientific studies predominantly on the Eastern Mediterranean regions.

I. General Characteristics: Identity, Objectives and Orientation

A. Institutional Identity

Founded in December 1983 by means of the Presidential decree of 18 November 1983, the Foundation for Mediterranean Studies (FMS) is an independent, non-profit organization, operating under the general supervision of the Ministries of Culture and Finance.

It is directed by a Board of Governors and administered by a General Director and the Directors of the several research sections. A Scientific Council and several consulting committees function as an advisory body.

B. General Objectives and Principles

The Foundation is a research and educational centre. It thus promotes research in social and related sciences (with emphasis on the East and South European, Balkan and Mediterranean regions) and aims at the formation and training of researchers and students at the post- or under-graduate level. It also promotes the diffusion of information and the development of transnational activities in the fields of its interest.

Its main objectives and general principles of orientation include:

  • The social and economic mobility in Europe, in the Balkan Peninsula and in the Mediterranean region.
  • The mediating role of Greece in the relations between the European Union and the Balkans, the Mediterranean, Eastern European and non-EU countries.
  • The Euro-Mediterranean co-operation.
  • The discovery of common social, economic and cultural characteristics in the Southern European countries. The elaboration of relevant criteria and the development of joint projects and exchanges.
    • Research on the Greek society and the detection of its particularities.

II. Specific Thematic Orientation and Methodology

Within the previously mentioned principles and objectives, the activities of the Foundation and of its specific research sections have the following concrete thematic and methodological orientation:

A. Thematic Orientation

1. Promotion of and research on the (economic, social, cultural) relations between EU countries and Eastern European countries. Emphasis on the economic and cultural links between Greece and Eastern European countries within the framework of the European Union and the perspectives of the EU expansion.

2. Social and economic analysis of the relations of Balkan countries and European Community countries. Diffusion of information and promotion of relevant joint activities.

2a. Emphasis on the already existing links between Greece and the Balkan countries and on the mediating role of Greece in the relation between the European Union and the Balkan countries.

2b. Social and economic mobility in Europe, especially between Balkan or Eastern European countries and European Union countries.

i. Emphasis on the study of the relevant recent Greek experience (immigrants from Albania, Greeks from Eastern European countries).

ii. Social exclusion, training, rehabilitation of immigrants. Transnational experiences within the European Union.

3. Detection of common links and social, economic, institutional characteristics between the Objective 1 European regions within the framework of relevant EU actions, programmes and initiatives.

3a. Emphasis on the study of social exclusion in Objective 1 countries (immigrants, unemployment, rural areas).

3b. Small-medium enterprises (SMEs) in Objective 1 regions.

3c. Unemployment and vocational training policies.

3d. Economic development of rural areas.

4. Promotion of collaboration and co-operation between the Mediterranean, Southern EU countries (Greece, Italy, Portugal, Spain, France) within the economic, social and institutional framework of the European Union.

4a. Promotion of links, diffusion of information and activities, educational exchanges between EU and Mediterranean Non-Union countries.

4b. Expansion and intensification of already existing links, especially with Cyprus and Malta. Promotion of relevant joint actions (research programmes, cultural and educational exchanges, etc.) at the national as well as at the EU level.

5. Research on particular aspects of the Greek society (economic, social, institutional, demographic characteristics and particularities): small-medium enterprises, unemployment policies, rural areas and agricultural development (see also point 3).

5a. Emphasis on the mobility of Greeks: research on the presence and activities of Greeks abroad and Greek communities throughout the world.

B. Methodology

Within this thematic orientation, research and activities of the Foundation are based on the following concrete methodological principles:

Promotion of inter-disciplinary research that allows for a global appreciation of social, economic and cultural problems. The investigation of a problem from more than one of several related points of view is based on a careful identification of the problem and on a specific distribution of research tasks. This inter-disciplinary orientation is reflected in the variety of the Foundation's interests and publications.

  • Promotion of applied, specific and statistically backed-up research actions in the social sciences.
  • Collection and statistical elaboration of basic data.
  • Emphasis on short or medium-scale research projects and actions.
  • Application of a complex methodology which is not only empirical but receptive to interpretative explanations as well.
    • Elaboration and application of pilot methods and criteria of research evalution. The evaluation of the research projects is both internal and external.

Research is supervised and conducted by holders of doctoral degrees in social and related sciences (economics, sociology, psychology, law, political science and international relations, etc.). The research directors are well-known academics who collaborate with Greek or foreign universities and research institutes.

III. A Concise Account of Activities

A. Research, Training, Publicity

The research work of the Foundation accomplished during the ten years of its existence includes the coordination and realisation of more than seventy research projects. More than fifty projects have already been executed, the others are in their last phase of realisation. The results of these projects have been positively evaluated and published in the form of books (approximately 40 publications). These publications cover a wide range of interests (Greek society and economy, relations between Greece and EU, the Mediterranean region, the economy of Eastern European countries, etc.).

As a training and consultancy centre, the Foundation

- assists and supervises research done by independent researchers - university students (mainly post- but also under-graduate level)

- provides technical assistance to research institutes and universities

- carries out the necessary background and on-going research work for the preparation and implementation of a wide range of actions launched by both the private and the public sectors.

As an information and international research centre, the Foundation

- organises conferences, seminars and congresses at a national and international level

- diffuses relevant information to all interested institutes, public organisations, associations or enterprises of the private sector

- collaborates with national academic institutions

- places particular emphasis on transnational co-operation and research action and maintains permanent, strong links with foreign institutes and academic institutions with a similar theoretical and methodological orientation.

The Foundation provides publishing services to independent researchers and publishes at its own expense and under its supervision the studies carried out within the framework of several of its research programmes, documents, proceedings of the seminars and congresses organized by the Foundation, studies carried out by foreign and Greek scholars whose themes fall within the scope and areas of its interest. To date, more than one hundred titles have been published, covering a wide range of interests within the cognitive subjects of economics, statistics, sociology, political science, international relations, EU matters, cultural affairs.

B. Library

The Foundation provides library services to institutes and independent researchers. Its library, at 2 Lycabettus Street, in the historical center of Athens, is open to the public. Its holdings include Greek and foreign titles dealing with the interests of the Foundation (almost 6,500 titles). In particular, an extended bibliography is available on the following subject-matters:

  • the international economic and political relations between the Mediterranean and the European countries
  • the economy, politics and society of Greece, Cyprus, the Arab countries, Turkey, Israel, Eastern European, Middle Eastern, Central and Latin American countries
  • theoretical works on Economics, Sociology, Political Science, Philosophy, Epistemology, Culture and Civilisation
  • a wide range of periodicals (220 Greek and foreign titles)
    • information on research and relevant EU programmes, as well as on the activities of relevant national and foreign institutions is also available.

The library is well-organised, computerised and equipped with software that supports its function. The titles of the library cover an impressive and unique range of subjects - at least for Greek standards - and include works in a wide range of languages (Greek, English, French, German, Italian, Spanish, Arabic, Turkish, Russian). There are also some titles in Hungarian, Bulgarian, Romanian, Kurdish and Polish.


1. Babanassis, Stergios: "Peculiarities in the development of Southern Europe. Is there a Southern European Model?" 1985 (432 pages).

2. Notis, Vassilis: "Industrialization and economic development in Turkey. Peculiarities and comparisons with Greece." 1986 (177 pages).

3. Moysidis, Antonis: "Agricultural society in modern Greece. Productive and social structure in Greek agriculture, 1950-1980." 1986 (388 pages).

4. Rozakis, Christos: "Greek foreign policy and the European Communities. Effects from the accession, 1981-1986." 1987 (150 pages)

5. Giannitsis, Tassos: "Accession to EEC and effects on industry and trade." 1988 (447 pages).

6. Valden, Sotiris: "The trade of Greece with the Eastern countries and accession to the European Communites, 1981-1985." 1988 (527 pages)

7. Berend, Ivan: "The experience of socialist transformation in Hungary." 1989 (111 pages).

8. Psychopedis, Kosmas, Panagiotis Getimis: "Regulation of local problems." 1989 (269 pages)

9. Fakiolas, Tassos: "The experience of socialist transformation in the Soviet Union." 1989 (224 pages).

10. Seremetis, Dimitris: "Financial relations between Greece and the EEC. An economic review of Greece's membership, 1981-85." 1989 (352 pages).

11. Coufoudakis, Van., Char. Tsardanidis, Con. Sotirelis: "Superpower policy in the Eastern Mediterranean and the Persian Gulf. Political and strategic implications for Greece, Turkey and Saudi Arabia." 1989 (266 pages).

12. Tsipouri, Lena: "Accession to the EC and the Greek technology policy. The experience 1981-1986." 1989 (215 pages).

13. Vlachou, Andriana, Panos Mayrokefalos: "The socialist transformation of China." 1989 (243 pages).

14. Halaris, Giorgos: "The urbanization process in the Arab Mediterranean countries. The case of Tunisia." 1989 (205 pages)

15. Ioannou, Christos: "Salaried employment and tradeunionsm in Greece." 1989 (218 pages).

16. Xanthakis, Man., Pan. Alexakis, Con. Christopoylos: "The Arab countries. Evaluation of their economies and their bilateral relations with Greece." 1989 (260 pages).

17. Stamatopoulos, Dimitris: "Industrialization and strategy of domination in Greece." 1989 (254 pages).

18. Maroudas, Leonidas: "The evolution and functioning of self-management in Yugoslavia." 1989 (317 pages).

19. Maraveyas, Napoleon: "The accession of Greece to the European Community. The effects on the agricultural sector." 1989 (494 pages).

20. Rozakis, Christos: "The law of the continental shelf as high-lighted by the decision of the court in the Libya-Malta case." 1989 (118 pages).

21. Moschonas, Andreas: "Traditional petty bourgeoisie. The case of Greece." 1986 (408 pages)

22. Moschonas, Andreas: "Class struggle in Greece and the EEC. Accession to the EEC and Greek social interests." 1990 (548 pages)

23. Tsardanidis, Charalambos: "Bibliography for Turkey 1923-1990." 1990 (424 pages).

24. Lianos Theodoros, Dimitris Dogas, Eleni Gaglia: "Economic fluctuations of the Greek economy 1955-1985." 1990 (233 pages)

25. Psychopedi, Olimpia: "The national school of music. Problems of ideology." 1990 (302 pages).

26. Basso, Lelio et al.: "Cultural imperialism." (F.M.S. and League for Rights and the Liberation of Peoples) 1984 (197 pages)

27. Pollis, Adamantia: "State, law and the human rights in Greece." 1988 (56 pages)

28. Tenekidis, George: "The legal dimensions of the Cyprus problem." 1988 (56 pages).

29. Haralabidis, Michalis: "The Pontian question today." 1991 (127 pages).

30. Lianos, Theodore: "Rate of surplus value, organic composition of capital and rate of profit in Greek manufacturing". 1992 (168 pages).

31. Arnopoulos, Paris: "Mediterranean 2000. A systematic study of the regional prospects in global perspective." 1992 (206 pages)

32. Babanassis, S., V. Georgakopoulou, A. Lyberaki, S. Koniordos, S. Boutillier, L. Laios, Sakellaridis: "The greek small-medium enterprises facing the technological challenges: possibility of innovation and mass-media policies on micro-electronics and computers". 1992 (3 volumes)

33. Babanassis, Stergios, Alexis Kokkos et. al.: "The characteristics of employment of engineers and economists in Greece." 1993 (437 pages).

34. Moyssidis, A., D. Damianos, Ch. Kassimis, M. Demoussis: "Multiple job-holding in the rural sector and regional development policies in Greece." 1994 (287 pages)

35. Zioganas, X., E. Nikolaidis, A. Gourdomihali, N. Lappas: "Dynamic agricultural units, potential innovations and restructuring development of Agriculture." 1994 (487 pages)


36. International Conference of the Foundation for the Mediterranean Studies 1984. "Social classes, social change and economic development in the Mediterranean." 1986 (2 vols. 760 pages).

37. Scientific Symposium of the Foundation for Mediterranean Studies 1986. "Dimensions of Greek - Turkish relations. Aegean - Cyprus." 1987 (120 pages).

38. Scientific symposium of the Foundation for Mediterranean Studies 1987. "The Swedish model". 1989 (263 pages).

Studies of the Foundation for Mediterranean Studies published by external publishers:

39. Manolopoyloy-Varvitsioti, Katerina: "Contemporary problems of the minorities in the Balkans: a factor of tension in the relation of the states." Athens: Irini, 1989 (175 pages).

40. Valden, Sotiris: "Greece and eastern countries 1950-1967. Economic relations and politics." Athens: Odysseas publications, 1991 (331 pages).

41. Heraclides, Alexis: "The Arab-Israeli conflict." Athens: Papazisis, 1991 (320 pages).

42. Grigoriou, Panagiotis: "The antipollution legal system for the protection of the Mediterranean sea environment." Athens: Papazisis, 1992 (230 pages).

43. Ziegenhagen, Edward, Kleomenis Koutsoukis, Hal Nieburg: "Political conflict in Southern Europe: regression and morphogenesis". New York: Praeger, 1992 (148 pages).

  1. Kalivianakis, Costas, Manolis Xanthakis et. al.: "Taxation, second economy and tax evasion in Greece." Athens: Papazisis, 1993 (331 pages).
  2. Pesmazoglou, Stefanos: "Europe and Turkey" Vol. 1: Textual strategies (420 pages). Vol. 2: Ideology and rhetorics. Europe and the European Community as perceived by the Turkish political forces, 1957-1993. (450 pages) Athens: Themelio, 1994.

P.S.: All the above mentioned publications have been written in Greek. A summary is provided in English. As an exception, the titles with the numbers 31 and 45 have been written in English.

For further information please contact:

Fondation des Etudes Méditerranéennes / Foundation for Mediterranean Studies
2, Lycabettus Street
GR-106 71 Athens, Greece
Phone: 3636026/3638461

Dr. Nikos Stylianidis is Programme Manager of the Foundation for Mediterranean Studies in Athens.