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Journal Articles

  • Baranowska, Anna and Michael Gebel:
    The determinants of youth temporary employment in the enlarged Europe:
    do labour market instutions matter?
    European Societies, 2010, Vol 12(3): 367-390.

    Abstract: This article uses comparative micro data from the 2004 European Union Labour Force Survey (EULFS) for twenty-three European countries to study the impact of labour market institutions on the youth relative temporary employment probability. We find relatively high temporary employment rates for young workers in all countries but also a large cross-country variation in this respect. The results of multi-level regression analyses confirm that neither employment protection of regular contracts nor its interaction with the level of employment protection of temporary contracts affects the young people’s relative risk. Instead, we find a positive association between collective bargaining coverage as a measure of insider-outsider cleavages and the relative temporary employment risk of young persons. These results remain robust even after controlling for macro-structural conditions, such as unemployment rate and business uncertainty..

  • Kogan, Irena and Marge Unt:
    The role of vocational specificity of educational credentials for labour market entry in
    Estonia and Slovenia.
    International Sociology, 2008, Vol 23( 3): 389-416.

    Abstract: This article compares entry to their first stable employment among young people in Estonia and Slovenia after the fall of Communism, when the two countries opted for two different models with regard to the organization of their educational systems. Results show that in Slovenia with the passage of time after the start of reforms, education—job linkages among young school leavers have become stronger. Those with vocational credentials and tertiary education have been able to secure their first stable employment more quickly than the rest. Ultimate losers of the transformation in Slovenia appear to be school leavers without any vocational training, whose first job entry chances have significantly deteriorated. In Estonia, on the other hand, school leavers, irrespective of their educational qualifications, hardly differ regarding the speed of entry to their first significant employment. Neither those with vocational credentials at the lower-secondary level, nor university graduates have been able to secure their first stable employment more quickly than the least educated. The analyses are conducted on the basis of the Labour Force Survey ad hoc module on school-to-work transitions applying event history techniques.

  • Reimer, David, Clemens Noelke and Aleksander Kucel:
    Labour market effects of field of study in comparative perspective: an analysis of 22
    European countries.
    International Journal of Comparative Sociology, 2008, Vol. 49: 233-256.

    Abstract: This article seeks to provide one of the fi rst systematic comparative analyses of labor market consequences associated with fi elds of study. Using data of 22 countries from the European Labor Force Surveys (2004 and 2005), we analyze how fi eld of study affects unemployment and occupational status for university-educated graduates. Our core hypothesis is that relative differences between fi elds should increase with educational expansion at the university level. Results of multilevel two-step regressions generally confi rm our expectations. The more students graduate from universities, the greater the differences in labor market chances of university graduates from different fields.

  • Saar, Ellu, Marge Unt and Irena Kogan:
    Transition from Educational System to Labour Market in the European Union. A Comparison between New and Old Members.
    International Journal of Comparative Sociology, 2008, Vol. 49( 1): 31-59.

    Abstract: Theoretically, the central research question of this article pertains to the way in which national institutional arrangements, namely educational systems, and related modes of labour markets and welfare provisions, affect the aggregate effectiveness of youth labour market integration in the new EU member states in comparison to the old EU countries. The study utilizes the European Union Labour Force Survey 2004. Results of the cluster analysis provide substantial support for distinct patterns of labour market entry in terms of the stratification of labour market exclusion, downgrading risk and labour market mobility of LM entrants in different CEE countries. Furthermore, the article reveals also new aspects of labour market entry in the EU-15 countries while considering not only educational signalling but also the labour market flexibility dimension

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