Beate Kohler-Koch, Berthold Rittberger (Eds.)

  Debating the Democratic Legitimacy of the European Union  
  vergrößerte Ansicht in neuem Fenster  
  392 p., Lanham: Rowman & Littlefield Publishers, 2007  
  ISBN 0-7425-5492-9  

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Notes on Contributors


The discussion about a Constitution for the European Union and its rejection by referendum in two of the EU founding member states has once again spurred public and scholarly interest in the democratic quality and potential of the European Union. "Debating the Democratic Legitimacy of the European Union" brings together distinguished thinkers from law, political science, sociology, and political philosophy to explore the potential for democratically legitimate governance in the European Union. Drawing on different theoretical perspectives and strands from democratic theory, this volume is the best resource for students and readers who are interested in democracy in the European Union.


1 Charting Crowded Territory: Debating the Democratic Legitimacy of the European Union
Beate Kohler-Koch and Berthold Rittberger
Part I: Democracy: The Constitutional Principle of the EU
2 A Disputed Idea Becomes Law: Remarks on European Democracy as a Legal Principle
Armin von Bogdandy
  A Comment on Von Bogdandy by Ulrich Haltern
Part II: What Future for Parliamentary Democracy in the EU?
3 Expanding National Parliamentary Control: Does it Enhance European Democracy?
Katrin Auel and Arthur Benz
4 The European Parliament between Policy-Making and Control
Andreas Maurer
  A Comment on Auel, Benz, and Maurer by Rudy Andeweg
5 Constructing Parliamentary Democracy in the European Union: How Did It Happen?
Berthold Rittberger
6 Parliamentary Representation in a Decentred Polity
Christopher Lord
  A Comment on Rittberger and Lord by Deirdre Curtin
Part III: The Public Sphere and Civil Society: Pre-Requisites for Democratically Legitimate Rule-Making
7 Pre-Requisites of Transnational Democracy and Mechanisms of Sustaining it: The Case of the European Union
Klaus Eder and Hans-Jörg Trenz
  A Comment on Eder and Trenz by Lars-Erik Cederman
8 The Europeanization of Protest: A Typology and Empirical Evidence
Donatella della Porta
  A Comment on Della Porta by Doug Imig
Part IV: Democracy and Political Participation
9 Participatory Governance and European Democracy
Hubert Heinelt
10 Some Considerations on Participation in Participatory Governance
Michael Th. Greven
  A Comment on Heinelt and Greven by Paul Magnette
11 The Organization of Interests and Democracy in the European Union
Beate Kohler-Koch
  A Comment on Kohler-Koch by Jeremy Richardson
Part V: Deliberative Democracy
12 The Euro-Polity in Perspective: Some Normative Lessons from Deliberative Democracy
Rainer Schmalz-Bruns
  A Comment on Schmalz-Bruns by Erik O. Eriksen
13 Reconceptualizing the Supremacy of European Law: A Plea for a Supranational Conflict of Laws
Christian Joerges
  A Comment on Joerges by Damian Chalmers


Notes on Contributors

Rudy B. Andeweg is professor of political science at the University of Leiden. His research interests include executive-legislative relations, parliamentary behavior, and political representation. His recent publications include "Modes of Political Representation: Toward a New Typology," Legislative Studies Quarterty 30 (2005) (with J. Thomassen) and Governance and Politics ofthe Netherlands (2005) (with G. Irwin).

Katrin Auel is lecturer in politics at the University of Oxford and Fellow at Mansfield College, Oxford. Her research interests include legislative studies and democratic theory, in particular the democratic legitimacy of Systems of multilevel governance such as the European Union. Her publications include Regionalisiertes Europa—Demokratisches Europa? (2003) and The Europeanisation of Parliamentary Democracy, special issue of the Journal of Legislative Studies 11 (2005) (co-edited with A. Benz).

Arthur Benz is professor of political science at the University of Hagen. During the last years he has concentrated his research on problems of democracy in Systems of multilevel governance. His publications on government, federalism, and multilevel governance include Der moderne Staat (2001) and Governance and Democracy—Comparing National, European and Transnational Experiences (co-edited with Y. Papadopoulos) (2006).

Lars-Erik Cederman is professor of international conflict research at ETH Zürich. His research focusses on political macro-processes such as state formation, nationalism, democratization, and integration. He is the editor of ConstructingEurope's Identity: The External Dimension (2001) and the author of Emergent Actors in World Politics: How States and Nations Develop and Dissolve (1997).

Damian Chalmers is a professor in EU law at the London School of Economics and Political Science. He is the author of European Union Law (with C. Hadjiemmanuil, G. Monti, and A. Tomkins) (2006). His other recent publications include "The Reconstitution of Europe's Public Spheres," European Law Journal 9 (2003), "Food for Thought: European Risks and National Ways of Life," Modern Law Review 66 (2003), "Risk, Anxiety and the European Mediation of the Politics of Life," European Law Review 30 (2005), "The Court of Justice and the Constitutional Treaty," I-CON 4 (2005), "Private Power and Public Authority in European Union Law," Cambridge Yearbook of European Legal Studies, 8 (2005-6).

Deirdre Curtin is professor of international and European governance at the Utrecht School of Governance, University of Utrecht, and is Vice Chairperson of the Standing Committee of Experts on Matters Relating to International Immigration, Refugee and Criminal Law in the Netherlands. She has written extensively on issues relating to the constitutional and institutional development of the European Union including Postnational Democracy: The European Union in Search ofa Political Philosophy(l997). She is currently working on a book on accountability of EU executive(s).

Donatella della Porta is professor of sociology at the European University Institute. Her main areas of interest include social movements, political violence, policing, political corruption. Among her recent publications are Globalization from Below (2006), Police et manifestants (2006), Quale Europa? Europeizzazione, identità e conflitti (2006), Social Movements: An Introduction, second ed. (2006), Transnational Protest and Global Activism (2005).

Klaus Eder is professor of comparative macrosociology at Humboldt University, Berlin. He has written extensively on sociological theory, public sphere, symbolic power, citizenship, and social movements. Recent publications include "From the Common Market to the Political Union: The shifting opportunity structure of contentious politics in Europe." In C. Tilly and M. Kousis (Eds.), Threats and Opportunities in Contentious Politics (2004), Die Einhegung des Anderen: Türkische, Polnische und Russlanddeutsche Einwanderer in Deutschland (with V. Rauer, O. Schmidtke, et al. (2004), Collective Memory and European Identity: The Effects of Integration and Enlargement (co-edited with W. Spohn) (2005).

Erik O. Eriksen is professor of political science at ARENA, University of Oslo. His main fields of interest are political theory, democratic governance, public policy, and European Integration. Recent publications include Democracy in the European Union (co-edited with J. E. Fossum) (2000), Understanding Habermas (co-edited with J. Weigard) (2003), The Chartering of Europe (co-edited with J. E. Fossum and A. J. Menendez) (2003), Developing a Constitution for Europe (co-edited with J. E. Fossum and A. J. Menendez) (2004), and Making the European Polity: Reflexive Integration in the EU (2005).

Michael Th. Greven is professor of political science and political theory at the Institut für Politikwissenschaft at the University of Hamburg. His is the author of Die Politische Gesellschaft. Kontingenz und Dezision als Probleme des Regierens und der Demokratie (1999), Kontingenz und Dezision: Beiträge zur Analyse der politischen Gesellschaft (2000), and Democracy Beyond the State? The European Dilemma and the Emerging Global Order (edited together with L. W. Pauly 2000).

Ulrich Haltern is professor of German and European constitutional and administrative law at Hanover University and Director of the Hanover Institute for National and Transnational Integration Studies. His main areas of research include EU law, constitutional law and theory, and a cultural study of law. Recent publications include Europarecht: Dogmatik im Kontext (2005), Europarecht und das Politische (2005), Europawissenschaften (co-edited with G. F. Schuppert and I. Pernice) (2005), "On Finality." In A. von Bogdandy and J. Bast (eds.), Principles of European Constitutional Law (2006).

Hubert Heinelt is professor of public administration, public policy, and urban research at the Institute of Political Science, Darmstadt University of Technology. His recent publications include Urban Governance and Democracy: Leadership and Community Involvement (together with M. Haus and M. Stewart) (2005), Metropolitan Governance: Capacity, Democracy and the Dynamics ofPlace (together with D. Kubier) (2005), Legitimacy and Urban Governance: A Cross-National Comparative Study (together with P. Getimis and D. Sweeting) (2006).

Doug Imig is professor of political science at the University of Memphis, and Fellow at the Urban Child Institute in Memphis, Tennessee. His teaching and research concern social movements and the representation of marginalized voices in the United States and Western Europe. He is the author of Poverty and Power (1996) and co-author of Contentious Europeans (2001).

Christian Joerges is professor of European economic law at the European University Institute. His present research deals with transnational risk regulation, the Europeanization of private law, and antiliberal traditions of legal thought in Europe. Recent publications include Constitutionalism, Multilevel Trade Governance and Social Regulation (co-edited with E. U. Petersmann) (2006), "What Is Left of the European Economic Constitution? A Melancholie Eulogy," European Law Review 30 (2005), Law and Governance in Postnational Europe: Compliance Beyond the Nation-State (co-edited with Michael Zürn) (2005).

Beate Kohler-Koch is professor of international relations and European affairs at the University of Mannheim. Her recent research activities concentrate on the transformation of governance both at EU and national levels as a consequence of deeper European integration. She has initiated and currently coordinates the EU-funded Network of Excellence "CONNEX" on "Efficient and Democratic Governance in a Multi-Level Europe" (2004—2008). Recent book publications cover constitutional politics (2002), a state-of-the-art reflection on European integration (2003), an exploration of Linking EU and National Governance (2003), a textbook on integration and European governance (2004), and an assessment of interest intermediation in Europe (2005).

Christopher Lord is professor of politics at the University of Reading. He has published extensively on Democracy and Legitimacy and the European Union, including A Democratic Audit ofthe European (2004) and Democracy in the New Europe (co-authored with E. Harris) (2006).

Paul Magnette is professor of political science and director of the Institute for European Studies at the Universite Libre de Bruxelles. He is the author of a number of articles and books on the EU and its democratic deficit. His last book is What is the European Union? (2005).

Andreas Maurer is head of unit "EU Integration" at the German Institute for International and Security Affairs (SWP), Berlin. His areas of research are multilevel and multi-actor governance in the European Union; concepts and practice of EU soft law; rules of procedure and interinstitutional agreements, perspectives, roles, and functions of the European Parliament and of the national parliaments in EU integration; EU policy-making with regard to immigration, asylum, and international environmental crime; negotiations and reform of European treaties; German and British policies toward European Integration. Recent publications include Postnational Constitution-Building in the Enlarged Europe: Foundations, Legitimacy, Prospects (co-edited with U. Liebert and J. Falke) (2005); "Failing Collectively at Nice: The Search for Efficiency Building." In F. Laursen (ed.) The Treaty ofNice: Actor Preference, Bargaining and Institutional Choice (2006), "In Detention, Repeating the Year, or Expelled? Perspectives for the Realisation of the Constitutional Treaty" (2006).

Jeremy Richardson is professor emeritus and fellow of Nuffield College, Oxford and Editor of the Journal of European Public Policy. His main fields are public policy in the EU, comparative public policy, and the role of interest groups in the policy process. His most recent book is European Union: Power and Policy-Making, third ed. (2005). He is currently editing (with D. Coen) a second edition of Lobbying in the European Union.

Berthold Rittberger is professor of political science and contemporary history at the University of Manheim. His main fields of research include the constitutional development of the European Union and theories of European integration. His most important publications are The Constitutionalization ofthe European Union, Special Issue of the Journal of European Pubic Policy (co-edited with Frank Schimmelfennig) (2006), Building Europe's Parliament: Democratic Representation Beyond the Nation-State (2005), "The Creation, Interpretation and Contestation of Institutions: Revisiting Historical Institutionalism," Journal of Common Market Studies 41 (2003) (together with Johannes Lindner).

Rainer Schmalz-Bruns is professor at the department of political science, Leibniz University, Hanover. His current research areas cover transnational constitutionalism, cosmopolitanism, and the legal development in the enlarged European Union. His recent publications include Politik der Integration: Symbole, Repräsentation, Integration (2006), "An den Grenzen der Entstaatlichung: Bemerkungen zu Jürgen Habermas Modell einer Weltinnenpolitik ohne Weltregierung." In P. Niesen and B. Herborth (eds). Anarchie der kommunikativen Freiheit: Jürgen Habermas und die Theorie der Internationalen Politik (forthcoming).

Hans-Jörg Trenz is research professor at ARENA, Center for European Studies, University of Oslo. Major publications include "The EU's Fledgling Society: From Deafening Silence to Critical Voice in European Constitution Making," Journal ofdvil Society 2 (together with John Erik Fossum) (2006), Europa in den Medien: Das Europäische Integrationsprojekt im Spiegel nationaler Öffentlichkeit (2005), "Media coverage on European Governance: Testing the Performance of National Newspapers," European Journal of Communication 19 (2004).

Armin von Bogdandy is director of the Max Planck Institute for Comparative Public Law and International Law, Heidelberg and Professor for International Law at the Karls-Ruprecht-Univerität, Heidelberg. His fields of interest are international economic law, comparative law in Europe, European constitutional law, and theory of international law. Among his recent publications are European Constitutional Law (2006), "The European Constitution and European Identity," International Journal of Constitutional Law 3 (2005), "The Prospect of a European Republic: What European Citizens Are Voting On," Common Market Law Review 42 (2005), "Globalization and Europe: How to Square Democracy, Globalization, and International Law," European Journal of International Law 15 (2004).