Egbert Jahn (ed.)

  Nationalism in Late and Post-Communist Europe  
  Volume 1 - The Failed Nationalism of the Multinational and Partial National States vergrößerte Ansicht in neuem Fenster  
  367 p., Baden-Baden : Nomos, 2008  
  ISBN 978-3-8329-3968-7  
Go to Contents Notes on Contributors


The age of nationalism has often been declared a bygone era. But it is by far not at its end. In the years 1990-93, more nation states than ever before came into being within a short period of time: 15 hybrid ethno-national states and three fragile states of federated nations. Since then, of the latter the Federal Republic of Yugoslavia fell apart, the two others are imperilled by ethno-national movements. State and ethnic nationalism have combined in each country in curious forms, allowing here and there for a gradual national consciousness, which aims at multinational federalism or national autonomy as an alternative to national secession. In this volume, authors from the East and the West discuss the results of many years of research on nationalism, as well as new approaches to the understanding of the nation. In addition, the failure of the multinational states Soviet Union, Yugoslavia, of the partial national state GDR, and presumably also Bosnia and Herzegovina, is analysed. After the breakdown of the multinational states and the polyethnic empires some decades ago, the question is raised if an integrating European Union will succeed in finding an adequate answer to nationalism and the nationalities problem.



General part

Egbert Jahn
The state-transformation in the East of Europe. “Second national rebirth”. Nationalism, national movements, and the formation of nation-states in late and post-communist Europe since 1985

Dieter Langewiesche
West European nationalism in the 19th and early 20th century

Miroslav Hroch
The historical conditions of “nationalism” in Central and East European countries

Georg Elwert/ Kristóf Gosztonyi
Violence and ethnicity

Rogers Brubaker
National minorities, nationalizing states, and external national homelands in the new Europe

Hans-Jürgen Puhle
New nationalisms in Eastern Europe – a sixth wave?

Valery A. Tishkov
Forget the nation: A post-nationalist understanding of nationalism or choosing the right language for human coalitions and projects

Case studies

Peter Bonin
Failures compared. The state nationalisms of non-national states in socialist Europe

Dmitry M. Epstein
Soviet patriotism, 1985-1991

Nenad Stefanov
Yugoslavia: No man’s land. On the problem of a Yugoslav political idea at the end of the 1980s

Andreas Reich
Czechoslovakia-patriotism and Czech-Slovak nationalism. Vain attempt to mediate between two apparently incompatible ethno-nationalisms

Bruno Schoch
Not on ideology alone. On the failure of socialist German national consciousness in the GDR

Marie-Janine Calic
The failure of Bosnian-Herzegovian patriotism

Egbert Jahn
The significance of the failure of polyethnic and multinational states for the integration of Europe

Additional bibliography

List of authors

Notes on Contributors

Bonin, Peter
Born 1969, Senior project manager at the German Development Agency (Deutsche Gesellschaft für Technische Zusammenarbeit, GTZ) for projects in the area of Economic and Regional Development in Southeastern Europe, Caucasus and Central Asia. Previously research assistant at the University of Mannheim and the Mannheim Centre for European Social Research.
Publications on Russian Foreign Policy, as well as on the political, economic and social transformation process in Eastern Europe.

Brubaker, Rogers
Born 1956, Professor of Sociology at the University of California, Los Angeles.
Publications on social theory, immigration, citizenship, nationalism, and ethnicity.

Calic, Marie-Janine
Professor of the History of Eastern and South Eastern Europe at the Ludwig-Maximilian-University Munich. From 1999 until mid 2002 political consultant of the Special Coordinator of the Stability Pact for South Eastern Europe in Brussels.
Publications on the history and contemporary issues of South East Europe, especially Yugoslavia.

Elwert, Georg
1947-2005, Professor of Ethnology and Social Anthropology at the Free University of Berlin, main area of research: Africa.
Publications on topics of nationalism, ethnicity and the formation of “we” groups, economic rationality of civil war parties and markets of violence. Additional areas of research: Sociology of economic cooperation, migration and research on old age, venality and moral economy.

Epstein, Dmitry M.
Born 1961, researcher at the department of Bookkeeping at the Russian State Library in Moscow.
Publications on Russian elites, their ideologies, values and life style.

Gosztonyi, Kristóf
Born 1966, Senior Consultant at the international consulting firm Control Risks. Previously working for many years in the crisis areas of Bosnia and Herzegovina and Sri Lanca, and consulting work in Afghanistan and Albania.
Publications on topics such as informal economies, criminal networks, as well as nationalism and conflict mediation in internal conflicts, and recently on corruption and the struggle against corruption.

Hroch, Miroslav
Born 1932, Professor emeritus at the Charles University Prague, still teaching at the Faculty of Humanities.
Publications on European history during the early modern history, comparative studies on the crisis of feudalism in the 17th century, revolutions and, above all, on the problems of nation-building in Europe.

Jahn, Egbert
Born 1941, Professor emeritus of Political Science and Contemporary History at the University of Mannheim, head of the research area “New democracies and conflict regulation” at the Mannheim Centre for European Social Research
Publications on nationalism in Eastern Europe, East-West relations, Soviet armaments and détente policy, as well as on peace, peace movements, peace and conflict research and current political issues.

Langewiesche, Dieter
Born 1943, Professor emeritus of Modern History at the Eberhard Karls University of Tübingen.
Publications on the history and theory of nationalism, on the history of war, on liberalism and bourgeoisie, on working class-culture, on the European revolutions of 1848, on the modern university and the history of memory.

Puhle, Hans-Jürgen
Born 1940, Professor of Political Science at the Johann Wolfgang Goethe University in Frankfurt am Main.
Publications in the fields of comparative social and political history of the western world, problems of modernization, comparative politics and political theory, state functions in welfare capitalism, political parties, pressure groups and social movements, nationalism and regionalism, regime transformation and problems of democratic consolidation.

Reich, Andreas
Born 1961, historian, Heidelberg.
Publications on Bohemian, Czechoslovak and Czech history of the 19th and 20th century, especially on the transformation process and on the cooperative- and educational system.

Schoch, Bruno
Born 1947, Senior Researcher in the Peace Research Institute in Frankfurt am Main and one of the co-editors of the state of peace annuary authored by Germany’s five peace research institutes.
Publications on the relation between nationalism and democratisation, on national minority conflicts in Europe, multi-lingual Switzerland, the German question, détente policy and the communist parties of Italy and France.

Stefanov, Nenad
Born 1970, Main research interest: History of the societies of the Balkans.
Publications on history of science in the Balkan states, ethnonationalism in former Yugoslavia, and about the current societal developments in Serbia.

Tishkov, Valery A.
Born 1941, Professor of History and Anthropology. Director of the Institute of Ethnology and Anthropology of the Russian Academy of Sciences in Moscow. 1993 Vice President of the International Union of Anthropological and Ethnological Sciences. 1992 Minister of nationalities affairs and at present member of the Public Chamber of the Russian Federation.
Publications on nationalism, ethnic and religious groups in Russia and worldwide, on the war in Chechnya.