Egbert Jahn (ed.)

  Nationalism in Late and Post-Communist Europe  
  Volume 3 - Nationalism in National Territorial Units vergrößerte Ansicht in neuem Fenster  
  359 p., Baden-Baden : Nomos, 2008  
  ISBN 978-3-8329-3970-0  
Go to Contents Notes on Contributors


Communist Europe consisted of 38 subnational territorial units. Almost everywhere the renaissance of nationalism in late and post-communist Europe led to a confrontation between the titular ethnic groups’ aspirations for national unification of the old and the new nation states, and the objective of the larger ethnic minorities for national autonomy, federalisation or independence. The larger territories with a majority titular ethnic demanded state independence, but this has been denied by the international community. In some cases they have achieved a de-facto stateness. In other cases former autonomy has been abolished. In recent times, the smaller national territorial units in Russia are being dissolved, while at the same time some new national territorial units have come into being. The present volume examines 15 national territories of various types with regard to the central questions of this work about the relationship between state nationalism and ethno-nationalism in the time of upheavals 1985 – 1995, and its impact on the propensity towards violence and on the unfolding of democracy.



Andreas Kappeler
Commentary: (Sub-) Nationalisms of the nations without a state

Case studies on territorial units of the Russian Federation

Leokadiya M. Drobizheva
Nationalisms in the Russian Federation Republics (Sakha, South Ossetia, Tatarstan, Tuva): Elite ideology and mass consciousness

Kaija Heikkinen, Ilkka Liikanen
Ethnic and political nationalism in the Republic of Karelia 1985-1995

Valery V. Mares’ev
The Nationalisms of Mordvinia

Damir M. Iskhakov
The Tatarstan's model and Tatar nationalism

Fail’ G. Safin
Contemporary Bashkir nationalism

Ol’ga V. Vasil’eva
Karachai nationalism and the republic of Karachaevo Cherkessiia

Dzhabrail D. Gakaev
National movements in Chechenia: Origins, results, prospects

Rimma A. Urkhanova
The national question in Buryatia: A retrospective view

Case studies on territorial units of the Western and Southern countries of the Community of Independent States (CIS)

Susan Stewart
The Crimean Tatar national movement: A contribution to stability or toinsecurity?

Klemens Büscher
The “statehood” of Transnistria - an accident of history?

Hulya Demirdirek
(Re-)claiming nationhood through renativisation of language: The Gagauz in Moldova

Aleksandr M. Kokeev
Abkhazia: Towards national rebirth - or an ethnocratic state

Case study on a territorial unit of South Eastern Europe

Zuzana Finger
Kosovo: The national shadow state

Switzerland for Comparison

Egbert Jahn
The Swiss state-nation and self-willed nation: A model for the regulation of relations between ethnic and national groups in the East European states?

Additional bibliography

List of authors

Notes on Contributors

Büscher, Klemens
Born 1964, Senior Adviser for the OSCE High Commissioner on national minorities, The Hague (The Netherlands). Worked in the mid-1990s as Human Dimension Officer within the OSCE mission to Moldova.
Publications on Russian minorities in Moldova and Ukraine.

Demirdirek, Hülya
Born 1964. Assistant Professor of Anthropology at the Department of Anthropology, University of Victoria, British Columbia Canada.
Publications on Gagauz nation building, women in Azerbaijan, transnationalism, domestic and sex labour in Eastern Europe and Turkey.

Drobizheva Leokadiya M.
Professor at the Institute of Sociology of the Russian Academy of Sciences (ISRosAN). Head of a Department of Ethno-Sociology and head of the Centre of Interethnic Relations Research (ISRosAN).
Publications on post-communist nationalism, interethnic relations, federative relations in Russia.

Finger, Zuzana
Born 1959, expert in Slavic and Balkan studies, since the 1990s active in field of cultural exchange and development cooperation in South Eastern Europe and the in Arabic region.
Publications on nationalism, language policies and socio-linguistics in Eastern and Southeast Europe, literary translations from Czech and Albanian.

Gakaev, Žabrail Ž.
1942-2005, Professor for Political History, main researcher at the Institute of Ethnology and Anthropology at the Russian Academy of Sciences, President of the Academy of Sciences of the Chechen Republic, Co-founder and head of the social organisation “Peace mission in the North Caucasus”.
Publications on the historical and political development of Caucasian peoples and on peace missions.

Heikkinen, Kaija
Born 1946, Professor of Women's Studies at the University of Joensuu.
Publications on cultural anthropology, on ethno-sexual processes in Finland, Russia and Estonia, civic culture and civil society in Karelia and North-West-Russia, and on the mythology of the Uralic peoples.

Iskhakov, DamirM.
Born 1952, main researcher, head of the Centre of Ethnological Monitoring at the S. Margani Academy of Sciences of the Republic of Tatarstan.
Publications on the history, demography, ethnology, ethno-sociology of the Tatar nation, and on problems of its present political development.

Jahn, Egbert
Born 1941, Professor emeritus in Political Science and Contemporary History at the University of Mannheim, head of the research area “New democracies and conflict regulation” at the Mannheim Centre for European Social Research.
Publications on nationalism in Eastern Europe, East-West relations, Soviet armaments and détente policy, as well as on peace, peace movements, peace and conflict research and current political issues.

Kappeler, Andreas
Born 1943, Professor of East European History at the University of Vienna.
Publications on the history of the Russian Empire and its nationalities, and on the history of Ukraine.

Kokeev, Aleksandr
Born 1944, PhD, Senior Researcher at the Institute of World Economy and International Relations (IMEMO) of the Russian Academy of Sciences.
Publications on German foreign policy and German-Russian relations as well as the Georgian-Abkhazian conflict.

Liikanen, Ilkka
Born 1955, Professor of Border- and Russian Studies, director of the Karelian Institute at the University of Joensuu, dead of the Finnish national post-graduate school “Russia in Europe”.
Publications on nationalism and political mobilization in Finland, post-communist change in Russia and Estonia, and European integration, borders and cross-border co-operation.

Mares’ev, Valery V.
Born 1970, ethnologist and sociologist, journalist in Saransk, chief editor of the paper Izvestiya Mordovii 2000-2003, since 2003 Minister for Press and Information of the Republic of Mordovia
Publications on social movements in Mordovia.

Safin, Fail’ G.
Born 1959, head of the department for political science of the Central Ethnological Institute of the Academy of Sciences of Russia in Ufa.
Publications on the ethno-political and ethno-linguistic development of Bashkortostan and the Urals-Volga-region.

Stewart, Susan
Born 1967, senior researcher at the Research Unit on Russia/CIS at the German Institute for International and Security Affairs (SWP), Berlin. Former research associate at the Mannheim Centre for European Social Research and at the Chair of Political Science and Contemporary History in Mannheim.
Publications on ethno-political conflicts in Ukraine and on the role of international organisations and NGOs for conflict management in the successor states of the Soviet Union and on democracy promotion by the European Union in Eastern and Southeastern Europe.

Urkhanova, Rimma A.
Born 1964, teacher of Russian language and literature at the University of Trento and at the Language Centre of the Free University of Bolzano.
Publications on the history of Russian philosophical and political ideas, philosophy and linguistics.

Vasilyeva, Olga V.
Senior research associate at the International Institute of Political Studies, Moscow, Russia. Consultant (1995-2003) for the Committee on the CIS, State Duma, Federal Assembly of the Russian Federation
Publications on nationalism, conflict resolution and current political issues in Transcaucasus, the Northern Caucasus and Central Asia, in Russia, Germany, France, and the United Kingdom.