Despite the momentous social and economic change of recent decades, patterns of social stratifi cation have proven to be remarkably stable. In this volume, an expert team analyzes the current state of social stratifi cation research from a comparative, international perspective. The volume presents theoretical knowledge as well as empirical evidence on questions such as intergenerational social mobility; inequalities of educational opportunity, gender and ethnicity; and the role of education in the labor market.
Introduction: from origin to destination
I. Trends and mechanisms in educational inequality and social mobility
The persistence of persistent inequality
Social selection in Stockholm schools: primary and secondary effects on the transition to
upper secondary education
"Cultural capital": some critical observations
Social mobility and education: a comparative analysis of period and cohort trends in Britain
Variations on a theme: trends in social mobility in (West) Germany for cohorts born between
1919 and 1971
II. Special issues in current stratification research
Self-employment and social stratification
Youth unemployment in the enlarged European Union
Disentangling recent trends of the second generation's structural assimilation in Germany
Lessons from social mobility research: could the index discussion in occupational sex
Linked lives in modern societies. The impact on social inequality of increasing educational
homogamy and the shift towards dual-earner couples
Containers, Europeanisation and individualisation: empirical implications of general
descriptions of society
Silke Aisenbrey is a postdoctoral associate at the Center for Research on Inequalities and the Life Course at Yale University, U.S.A. Her research interests lie in the areas of gender, social stratification and the life course.
Richard Arum is professor in the Department of Sociology (Faculty of Arts and Sciences) and professor in the Department of Humanities and Social Sciences in the Professions (Steinhardt School of Education) at New York University, U.S.A. His primary areas of interest are the sociology of education, social stratification and the sociology of organizations.
Eyal Bar-Haim is a graduate student at the Department of Sociology and Anthropology, Tel Aviv University, Israel. Using hierarchical models he analyses ISSP data to study the effects of educational expansion on inequality of educational opportunity in 23 countries.
Hans-Peter Blossfeld holds the Chair of Sociology I at Bamberg University and is director of the State Institute for Family Research at Bamberg University, Germany. Currently, he is interested in the flexibilisation of work in modern societies, the division of domestic work in the family, and the development of individual competences and the formation of educational decisions in early school careers.
Richard Breen is professor at the Department of Sociology at Yale University, U.S.A. His research interests are social stratification and inequality, and the application of formal models in the social sciences.
Robert Erikson is professor at the Swedish Institute for Social Research (SOFI) at Stockholm University, Sweden. His research interests include social stratification, education, family, and health, especially the study of individual change over the life course and how it can be understood with regard to individual and structural conditions.
Markus Gangl holds the Chair of Methods of Empirical Social Research and Applied Sociology at the University of Mannheim, Germany. His main fields of interest are social stratification and inequality, labour markets, poverty, welfare states and social policy, and the development of statistical methods for the analysis of longitudinal data.
John Goldthorpe is an emeritus fellow of Nuffield College, Oxford, UK, and a Fellow of the British Academy. His research interests are in social stratification and mobility, and he has also written on methodological problems, especially concerning the closer integration of sociological theory and research. His work on social class has led to the Goldthorpe class schema which is now widely used in empirical social research.
Nadia Granato is research associate at the Institute for Employment Research (IAB) of the German Federal Employment Agency. Her research interests are migration and labour market integration.
Johann Handl is professor of Sociology at the University Erlangen-Nuremberg, Germany. He has received his degrees in Sociology, Economics and Statistics at the Universities of Vienna and Mannheim. He has published on methodological and substantive problems in several areas of social stratification, e.g. labour force participation of women, demographic problems and aspects of ethnic inequality.
Frank Kalter is professor of Sociology at the University of Leipzig, Germany. His main research areas are migration and integration, esp. conditions and mechanisms of structural assimilation. He has also worked on the sociology of the family, formal models, and quantitative methods.
Irena Kogan is senior research fellow at the Mannheimer Zentrum für Europäische Sozialforschung (MZES), Germany. Her main research interests include immigration and ethnicity, transitions in youth, social stratification and inequality in comparative perspective.
Ulrich Kohler is senior research fellow at the Wissenschaftszentrum Berlin (WZB), Germany. His research interests include social inequality, political sociology, and empirical research methods. He has published on individualisation theory and on social bases of voting behaviour.
Cornelia Kristen is senior research fellow at the University of Leipzig, Germany. Her research is in the areas of migration and integration, educational sociology, and social inequality.
Ruud Luijkx is a lecturer of Sociology at Tilburg University, the Netherlands. He contributed to international benchmark studies on social mobility and published further in the field of (educational) heterogamy, social inequality, career mobility, and labour market transitions and on log-linear and latent class analysis. Recently his focus shifted partly towards research on (European) values.
Karl Ulrich Mayer is Chair of the Department of Sociology and director of the Center for Research on Inequalities and the Life Course (CIQLE) at Yale University, U.S.A. His research is in the areas of social stratification and mobility, sociology of aging and the life course, social demography, occupational structures and labour market processes, and methods of survey research.
Gunnar Otte is senior research fellow at the University of Leipzig, Germany. He received his doctoral degree in sociology at the University of Mannheim. His main research area is the interplay of social stratification and culture, i.e. the structural dimensions, origin and impact of values, lifestyles and preferences.
Reinhard Pollak is research fellow at the Wissenschaftszentrum Berlin (WZB), Germany. His main research areas include social mobility, social stratification, sociology of education, comparative welfare state analysis and measures of social inequality.
Ellu Saar is senior researcher at the Institute of International and Social Studies and Professor at Tallinn University, Estonia. She works on social stratification.
Stefani Scherer is research fellow at Milano-Bicocca University, Italy. She received her doctoral degree in sociology at the University of Mannheim. Her current research interests include social stratification and inequality, the analysis of life courses and labour market dynamics in comparative perspective.
Yossi Shavit is professor at the Department of Sociology and Anthropology, Tel Aviv University, Israel. He is also Head of the B. I. and Lucille Cohen Institute for Research on Public Opinion at Tel Aviv University. His main areas of interest are social stratification and sociology of education.
Stephanie Steinmetz is doctoral candidate at the Mannheimer Zentrum für Europäische Sozialforschung (MZES), Germany. Her research interests are social inequality, comparative labour market research, labour market segregation, comparative welfare state research, and gender studies.
Marge Unt is researcher at the Institute of International and Social Studies, Tallinn Pedagogical University, Estonia. Her research interests lie in social stratification and class analysis, methods of data analysis, labour markets, occupations and careers in comparative perspective.
Meir Yaish is senior lecturer at the Department of Sociology and Anthropology, University of Haifa, Israel. His research interests lie with social stratification and mobility, sociology of education, and the puzzle of altruism.