Irena Kogan  

Working through Barriers

vergrößerte Ansicht in neuem Fenster    
  Host country institutions and immigrant labour market performance in Europe  
  247 p., Dordrecht, Springer, 2007  
  ISBN: 978-1-4020-5231-6  

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Table of Contents

About the author


Abstract :

Working through Barriers deals with the role host countries’ institutional characteristics play in the labour market integration of immigrants in the European Union. Drawing on existing research it develops a comprehensive conceptual framework of factors (and underlying mechanisms) affecting immigrant structural integration in the European Union-15. It maps the European countries with respect to three institutional aspects central to immigrant integration, immigration policies, labour market structure and welfare regimes. Further, it presents a descriptive picture of the labour market situation of the immigrant population in the European Union and seeks to explain the variation in labour market outcomes, namely unemployment risk and occupational status, with reference to differences in the characteristics of the immigrant populations on the one hand, and by differences in labour market structure, immigration policies and welfare regimes in European Union countries, on the other. In-depth analyses of a selected number of EU countries are carried out, with the aim of investigating the extent to which immigrants have succeeded or failed in different institutional contexts.


Preface and Acknowledgements
1. Immigrant Labour Market Performance: A European Perspective
1.1. Introduction
1.2. Research Questions and Rationale
1.3. Outline
2. Explaining Immigrant Labour Market Inequality
2.1. A Micro Approach to the Analysis of the Immigrant Labour Market Situation
2.1.1. Human Capital and Migration
2.1.2. Discrimination
2.1.3. Ethnic or Immigrant Penalty
2.1.4. Labour Market Dualism
2.1.5. Insider–Outsider Cleavage
2.2. The Link Between a Country’s Institutional Arrangements and the Immigrant-Job Allocation Process
2.3. Institutional Approach to the Analysis of Immigrant Labour Markets
2.3.1. Rationale
2.3.2. Institutions Relevant to the Incorporation of Immigrants in the Labour Market
3. Immigration Policies and Immigrant Selectivity in place Europe
3.1. Immigration into European Countries after the Second World War
3.1.1. Geo-Political Changes after the Second World War
3.1.2. Post-Colonial Immigration
3.1.3. Labour Migration
3.1.4. Influx of Refugees and Asylum Seekers
3.1.5. EU Countries and the Main Migration Streams in the Second Half of the 20th Century
3.1.6. Summary
3.2. Immigrants in the European Union
3.2.1. Problems of Typology of Immigrants in the European Union Countries
3.2.2. Types of Immigrants in the European Union Countries
3.2.3. Composition of Immigrants in the European Union Countries
3.2.4. Summary
3.3. Selectivity of Immigration Policies and Socio-demographic Characteristics of Immigrants in the European Union
3.3.1. Selected Demographic Characteristics
3.3.2. Educational Capital of Immigrants
3.3.3. On the Portability of Human Capital
3.3.4. Summary
4. Immigrants and the Labour Market
4.1. The Labour Market Situation in EU Countries in the Late 1990s
4.2. The Effects of Labour Market Structure upon Immigrants’ Employment Opportunities
4.2.1. Immigrants’ Labour Market Segmentation
4.2.2. Immigrant Niches
4.2.3. Immigrant Entrepreneurship
4.3. Effects of Labour Market Rigidity on Immigrants’ Employment Opportunities
4.4. Summary
5. Welfare Regimes and Immigrants’ Employment Prospects
6. Empirical Assessment of the Role of Institutions in the Labour Market Outcomes of Male Immigrants in Fourteen European Union Countries
6.1. Hypotheses
6.2. Research Methodology
6.2.1. Data
6.2.2. Variables
6.2.3. Method of Analysis
6.3. Findings
6.3.1. Descriptive Results
6.3.2. Unemployment Risk of Male Immigrants in the EU
6.3.3. Unemployment Risk of Recent Male Immigrants in the EU
6.3.4. The Occupational Status of Male Immigrants in the EU
6.4. Summary and Discussion
7. Employment Careers and Unemployment Dynamics of Male Immigrants in country-region Germany and placecountry-region Great Britain
7.1. Background Conditions in country-region Germany and placecountry-region Great Britain
7.1.1. An Overview of Immigrant Inflow to country-region Germany and the place country-region UK in the Second Half of the 20th Century
7.1.2. The Role of Institutions in the Immigrant Labour Market Allocation Process in country-region Germany and the placecountry-region UK
7.2. Research Methodology
7.2.1. Data
7.2.2. Methods: Sequence Analysis Techniques
7.2.3. Methods: Event History Analysis Techniques
7.2.4. Variables
7.3. Empirical Results
7.3.1. Deviation of Career Sequences of Immigrants from a Standard Sequence of the Native-born
7.3.2. Occupational Inclusion or Segmentation? Employment and Occupational Careers of Immigrants in country-region Germany and the placecountry-region UK
7.3.3. Unemployment Dynamics of Immigrants in country-regionGermany and placecountry-region Great Britain Unemployment Outflow Unemployment Inflow
7.4. Summary and Discussion
8. Ex-Yugoslavs in the Austrian and Swedish Labour Markets
8.1. Yugoslav Migration to country-region Austria and placecountry-region Sweden
8.2. The Institutional Contexts of Immigration in country-region Austria and place country-region Sweden
8.2.1. Immigration, Integration and Citizenship Policies
8.2.2. The Role of the Labour Market
8.2.3. Immigration and the Welfare State
8.3. Hypotheses
8.4. Data and Variables
8.5. Empirical Findings
8.5.1. Descriptive Characteristics
8.5.2. Results of the Multivariate Analysis: Participation in the Labour Force
8.5.3. Results of the Multivariate Analyses: Unemployment Propensity and Occupational Status
8.6. Summary and Discussion
9. Conclusions
List of Figures
List of Tables
Author Index
Subject Index

The author:

Irena Kogan is a senior research fellow at the Mannheim Centre for European Social Research (MZES), University of Mannheim, Germany. Her main research interests include social stratification and inequality in comparative perspective, transition from school to work, and labour market integration of immigrants. Results of her studies dealing with immigrants’ labour market integration have been published in a number of international journals, including Social Forces, European Sociological Review, International Migration Review and Journal of Ethnic and Migration Studies. Together with Walter Müller she also edited a book ‘School-to-Work Transitions in Europe: Analyses of the EULFS Ad hoc Module’ published by the MZES.