Vol. 6: Statistical Sources for Social Research on Western Europe 1945-1995.
A Guide to Social Statistics

Franz Rothenbacher

Contents

Preface

5

Table of contents

7

List of abbreviations and acronyms

13

1 Introduction

17

1.1 The development and organization of national and international statistics

17

1.1.1 Historical development of official statistics

17

1.1.2 The organization of official statistics

19

1.1.2.1 Statistics published by supranational organizations

21

1.1.2.2 Statistics published by International Governmental Organizations (IGOs)

21

1.1.2.3 Statistics published by International Non-Governmental Organizations (INGOs)

22

1.1.2.4 National statistics

22

1.1.2.4.1 Statistics published by National Statistical Institutes (NSIs)

23

1.1.2.4.2 Statistics published by ministries

26

1.1.2.4.3 Statistics published by intermediary organizations

27

1.1.2.4.4 Statistics published by research institutes

27

1.1.2.5 Subnational statistics

28

1.1.2.5.1 Regional statistics

28

1.1.2.5.2 Municipal statistics

28

1.2 The development of official statistics: new trends

29

1.2.1 The rise and diffusion of the census as a full investigation

29

1.2.2 The rise and diffusion of social surveys

29

1.2.3 The substitution of registers for censuses

30

1.3 Data collection, processing, publication and dissemination

31

1.3.1 Changes in data collection

31

1.3.2 Changes in data processing

31

1.3.3 Data publication

32

1.3.4 Data dissemination

33

1.4 Methodology and sociology of data production

33

1.4.1 Concepts, definitions and problems of comparability

34

1.4.2 Primary versus secondary statistics

35

1.4.3 Statistical methodology and research methods

35

1.4.4 Standardization

36

1.4.5 Research, planning, counselling

36

1.4.6 Co-operation with the social sciences

37

1.5 Function, status and resources of official statistics

38

1.5.1 Function

38

1.5.2 Legal basis

38

1.5.3 Resources

39

1.6 The composition of the guide

39

2 International statistics

45

2.1 United Nations

53

2.1.1 The Statistical Commission

56

2.1.2 The Statistical Office

56

2.1.3 The regional economic commissions

64

2.1.3.1 Economic Commission for Europe (ECE)

65

2.1.3.2 Conference of European Statisticians (CES)

68

2.1.4 The specialized organizations of the United Nations

69

2.1.4.1 International Labour Organization (ILO)

70

2.1.4.2 United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization (UNESCO)

77

2.1.4.3 World Health Organization (WHO)

82

2.1.4.4 Food and Agricultural Organization (FAO)

87

2.1.4.5 International Bank for Reconstruction and Development (IBRD)/World Bank

90

2.1.4.6 International Development Association (IDA)

93

2.1.4.7 International Finance Corporation (IFC)

94

2.1.4.8 International Monetary Fund (IMF)

95

2.1.5 Other UN agencies

99

2.1.5.1 International Institute for Labour Studies (IILS)

99

2.1.5.2 United Nations Research Institute for Social Development (UNRISD)

100

2.2 Worldwide organizations outside the United Nations

103

2.2.1 Official organizations

103

2.2.1.1 International Social Security Association (ISSA)

104

2.2.2 Non-official organizations

106

2.2.2.1 International Statistical Institute (ISI)

106

2.2.2.2 Stockholm International Peace Research Institute (SIPRI)

111

2.2.2.3 Other non-official organizations

112

2.3 Regional organizations in Europe

113

2.3.1 Intergovernmental organizations

113

2.3.1.1 Organization for Economic Co-operation and Development (OECD)

114

2.3.1.2 European Free Trade Organization (EFTA)

118

2.3.1.3 Council for Mutual Economic Assistance (CMEA)

120

2.3.1.4 Council of Europe (COE)

121

2.3.2 Supranational organizations

123

2.3.2.1 European Union (EU)

124

2.4 Regional co-operation outside of international organizations

130

2.4.1 Benelux Economic Union

131

2.4.2 Nordic Council (NC) and the Nordic Statistical Secretariat

132

2.4.3 The Commonwealth

134

3 National statistics: Catalogues, series, censuses, social indicators, historical statistics and databases

137

3.1 Austria

145

3.1.1 General publications

146

3.1.2 Catalogues

148

3.1.3 Series and periodicals

148

3.1.4 Censuses

153

3.1.5 Social indicators

156

3.1.6 Historical statistics

157

3.1.7 Databases

157

3.2 Belgium

159

The third level for all nations is the same as in 3.1
3.3 Denmark

171

3.4 Finland

183

3.5 France

199

3.6 Germany

211

3.7 Greece

229

3.8 Iceland

241

3.9 Ireland

247

3.10 Italy

259

3.11 Luxembourg

269

3.12 The Netherlands

277

3.13 Norway

291

3.14 Portugal

307

3.15 Spain

319

3.16 Sweden

331

3.17 Switzerland

347

3.18 United Kingdom

363

4 Secondary statistics

381