Comparative Campaign Dynamics Dataset (Second Wave)


This collection of data sets provides information on ideological cohesion and ambiguity of party positions along with information on framing effects by competing parties and the media. The data covers the policy standpoints parties and their representatives have communicated in the media along with valence-related statements, such as references to competence or integrity. Coding was based on pre-electoral coverage of major newspapers for two recent (national) electoral campaigns in ten European countries. The three separate data sets focus on the statements parties have made referring to themselves, the statements they have made referring to their competitors and the statements the newspapers have made referring to the parties.

Data Access:

[codebook] Where Is My Party Now? New Data on Media Coverage of Parties' Ideological Positions Before Elections

[dataset] "WMP-Self-Wave2.dta" (parties talking about themselves)

[dataset] "WMP-Other-Wave2.dta" (parties talking about other parties)

[dataset] "WMP-Journalist-Wave2.dta" (journalists talking about parties)

Country Files (.csv):

[dataset] Country File: Czech Republic

[dataset] Country File: Denmark

[dataset] Country File: Germany

[dataset] Country File: Hungary

[dataset] Country File: Netherlands

[dataset] Country File: Poland

[dataset] Country File: Portugal

[dataset] Country File: Spain

[dataset] Country File: Sweden

[dataset] Country File: United Kingdom


Country Experts:

Czech Republic

Vlastimil Havlik, Masaryk University


Camilla Bjarnøe, University of Southern Denmark


Marc Debus (PI), University of Mannheim


Márton Bene, Hungarian Academy of Sciences

The Netherlands

Gijs Schumacher, University of Amsterdam


Wojciech Rafałowski, Warsaw University


José Santana Pereira, ISCTE-Lisbon University Institute


Pedro Riera, University Carlos III of Madrid


Kajsa Falasca, Mid Sweden University

United Kingdom

Caitlin Milazzo, University of Nottingham


Directors MZES: 
Directors other: 
Zeynep Somer-Topcu
Margit Tavits
Data publication date: 
Data citation: 
Debus, Marc, Zeynep Somer-Topcu, and Margit Tavits. 2022. Comparative Campaign Dynamics Dataset. Mannheim: Mannheim Centre for European Social Research, University of Mannheim.