Border Walls, Refugees and Terrorism

Note short: 
23.03.2020 - 12:00 to 13:30
Location : 
A 5,6 Raum A 231
Type of Event : 
AB B-Kolloquium
Prof. Sergi Pardos-Prado
Lecturer affiliation: 
University of Glasgow

Are physical walls between countries effective at reducing terrorist attacks? Despite their prohibitive cost and political divisiveness, walls between contiguous countries

have proliferated as extreme forms of border control over the last decades. While the visibility of walls in the public debate has increased, their effectiveness at mitigating

the alleged refugee-terrorism nexus is largely unknown. We use the most updated dataset on walls between adjacent countries worldwide (1975-2016), and

rely on the staggered construction of walls across some country-dyads over time as an identication strategy. The results reveal a strong backfiring effect of walls

over time: attacks substantially increase after the erection of a wall, especially when the refugee stock from contiguous countries hosting transnational terrorist

organizations is larger. We explore potential mechanisms to account for this finding, and point out to the deterioration of in-group vs out-group dynamics as the main reason

behind the backfiring effect of walls.