Seeing your Religion—Regional Variation of Anti-Muslim Racism in the German Labor Market

Research question/goal: 


In cooperation with: Zerrin Salikutluk, Christian Hunkler, Yuliya Kosyakova.

Muslim immigrants in Germany and other European countries face disadvantages in the labor market. These are manifested, for example, in lower labor market participation and a higher risk of unemployment (Auer et al. 2018). But even for those who succeed in gaining access to the labor market, a number of disadvantages can be identified, e.g., in occupational positioning or income compared to the majority population (e.g., Auer et al. 2017, Schieckoff & Sprengholz 2021). In principle, these disadvantages are more pronounced for Muslim women than for Muslim men (e.g., Salikutluk et al. 2020). The gender difference is particularly evident among newly arrived refugees: after five years of residence in Germany, about 60 percent of refugee men have entered the labor market, whereas only about 30 percent of refugee women have managed to do so (Kosyakova et al. 2021). Interestingly, obvious reasons such as trauma and educational interruptions due to flight as well as legal uncertainties seem to play only a minor role in this (Hunkler & Khourshed 2020, Hunkler et al. 2021, Kosyakova & Brenzel 2020). To date, however, there are few studies that address intersectional inequality (multiple discrimination) based on flight, gender, and religion in the labor market context (e.g., Kosyakova et al. 2021, Salikutluk & Menke 2021). In this project, we would like to focus on the side of employers and the role of regional factors in disadvantaging Muslim immigrants, especially Muslim women. In our analyses, we plan to examine the labor market situation of both established migrant groups and newly arrived refugees.

Fact sheet

2022 to 2025
Data Sources: 
Field experiments, registry data, web scraping
Geographic Space: