Hildegard Brauns, Markus Gangl, Stefani Scherer
Education and Unemployment Risks among Market Entrants: A Comparison of France, the United Kingdom and West Germany

S. 328-345 in: Jürgen H.P. Hoffmeyer-Zlotnik, Christof Wolf (Hrsg.): Advances in Cross-National Comparison. An European Working Book for Demographic and Socio-Economic Variables. 2003. New York: Kluwer Academic/Plenum Publisher

In empirical education and labour market research, different approaches for measuring education have been pursued; they reach from 'number of years of schooling' and educational scoring as continuous measures to typologies as the ISCED (International Standard Classification of Education) and CASMIN (Comparative Analysis of Social Mobility in Industrial Nations) classification as categorical approaches. The value of the CASMIN educational classification has been demonstrated in many studies in comparative social mobility and labour market research.
In this paper we present an updated and partly revised version of the CASMIN scheme, that is able to capture also the institutional changes that took place in the course of the educational reforms that affected most European societies following World War II. We also provide the reader with examples for implementation of the schema for France, Italy, West-Germany, and the United Kingdom.